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Select menu: Stats | Multivariate Analysis | MANOVA

Use this to perform a multivariate analysis of variance or covariance.

  1. After you have imported your data, from the menu select 
    Stats | Multivariate Analysis | MANOVA.
  2. Fill in the fields as required then click Run.

You can set additional options by clicking Options.

Available data

This lists data structures appropriate to the current input field. It lists either factors for use in specifying the treatment and block structure, or variates for specifying the data and additional covariates. The contents will change as you move from one field to the next. Double-click a name to copy it to the current input field; alternatively, you can type the name directly into the input field.


This specifies the list of Y variates to be analysed. You can transfer multiple selections from Available data by holding the Ctrl key on your keyboard while selecting items, then click to move them all across in one action.

Treatment structure

Specify the treatment terms to be fitted by entering a model formula.

Block structure

The underlying structure of the design is defined by entering a model formula. This can be left blank with unstructured (completely randomized) designs.

Factorial limit on model terms

Controls the level of interactions to be fitted – an integer indicating the highest order interaction to include from the Treatment structure. Specifying zero will fit just main effects; the maximum possible is 9.


This provides a quick way of entering operators in the treatment and block model formulas. Double-click on the required symbol to copy it to the current input field. You can also type in operators directly. See model formula for a description of each.


Select the check box if you want to perform analysis of covariance. In the corresponding input field you can list the covariates for the analysis. If there is more than one, their names may be separated by spaces or commas.

Action Icons

Pin Controls whether to keep the dialog open when you click Run. When the pin is down  the dialog will remain open, otherwise when the pin is up  the dialog will close.
Restore Restore names into edit fields and default settings.
Clear Clear all fields and list boxes.
Help Open the Help topic for this dialog.

See also

  • MANOVA Options for selecting output from the analysis
  • MANOVA procedure in command mode for further details of the method and additional options
Updated on April 25, 2019

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